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About Vietnam: General Facts

Introduction General Facts Culture Environment History

Full country name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Area: 329,566 sq km (128,527 sq mi)

Population: 81.5 million

Capital city: Hanoi (population 4.5 million)

Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) is Vietnam's largest city with a population of approximately 7 million people.

People: 85% ethnic Vietnamese, 3% ethnic Chinese, also Khmer. Cham is a remnant of the once-great Indianised Champa Kingdom and members of some 60 ethno linguistic groups.

Language: Vietnamese, English, Russian, French, Chinese and a variety of Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian local dialects

Religion: Buddhism is the principal religion but there are also sizeable Taoist, Confucian, Hoa Hao, Caodaists, Muslim and Christian minorities